JOB MARKET PAPER
Financial Consolidation and the Cyclicality of Corporate Financing (with Raoul Minetti
Abstract: This paper finds that the financing behavior of US firms along the business cycle changed from the late 1990s. While debt issuance remained procyclical for firms of all sizes, equity issuance and liquidity accumulation switched from countercyclical to procyclical for small and medium-sized publicly-traded firms. Using matched firm-bank data, we provide evidence that the consolidation in the US financial sector contributed to this change. We then verify this mechanism by building a general equilibrium business cycle model and simulating financial consolidation: decreasing firms’ bargaining power vis-à-vis lenders and diluting lenders’ ties to customary borrowers. The change in corporate financing behavior induced by financial consolidation significantly increased the sensitivity of firms’ investment and employment to aggregate shocks.
Monetary Policy and Firm Heterogeneity: The Role of Leverage Since the Financial Crisis (with Aeimit Lakdawala
]Revise and Resubmit at Review of Economics and Statistics
Abstract: We study how leverage determines firm-level responses to monetary policy. Using both high-frequency financial market and quarterly investment data, we find that the role of leverage in monetary transmission changed around the financial crisis of 2007-09. Firms with high leverage were less responsive to monetary policy shocks in the pre-crisis period but have become more responsive since the crisis. The higher responsiveness is driven by firms whose leverage is more dependent on long-term debt, suggesting an outsize role for monetary policy affecting long-term funding conditions since the crisis. We also find suggestive evidence for transmission through changes in monetary policy uncertainty.
The International Spillover Effects of US Monetary Policy Uncertainty (with Aeimit Lakdawala
and Matthew Schaffer
]Revise and Resubmit at Journal of International Economics
Abstract: An extensive literature studies the international transmission of US monetary policy surprises (shifts in expected path of the policy rate). In this paper we show that changes in uncertainty around the expected path constitute an important additional dimension of spillover effects to global bond yields. In advanced countries, it is the term premium component of yields that responds to uncertainty. We find that this can be explained by an international portfolio balance mechanism. In contrast, for emerging countries it is the expected component of yields that reacts to uncertainty. This can be rationalized from a flight to safety channel. We find heterogeneity in the country-level response to uncertainty only in emerging economies and it is driven by the degree of financial openness. Finally, equity markets in both advanced and emerging countries also respond to US monetary policy uncertainty, but only since the financial crisis.
PROJECTS IN PROGRESS
Fiscal-Monetary Interaction and Inequality (with Giacomo Romanini
Workshop on Empirical Monetary Economics - December 2019 (Paris, France)
Midwest Macroeconomics Meetings - November 2019 (East Lansing, Michigan)
Computing in Economics and Finance - June 2019 (Ottawa, Canada)